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Laws and Regulations every HR Manager should know about-India Specific


Individuals are fundamental for the accomplishment of any business. How well the employees perform can be an obligation or resource for an organization. As an HR professional, you will assume a critical part in how successful your organization is. Good Human Resource Management (HRM) is fundamental for organizations, whether big or small. Human Resource Management, or HRM, is the Act of managing individuals to accomplish better execution.

For instance, if you recruit individuals into a business, you search for individuals who fit the organization's culture. They will be more joyful, stay longer, and be more useful than individuals who will not squeeze into the organization culture. Employees who are engaged are more useful, convey better work and make better customer relations.

The HR department gives the information, tools, training, lawful counsel, administration, and ability to the executives, which is fundamental to maintaining and propelling an organization. This is the thing that Human Resource Management reduces to streamlining organization execution through better administration of HR.

A corporate workplace can regularly appear wild and inconsiderate, yet there are consistent rules and laws to be adhered to, be it organizational arrangements or government standards. As an HR manager, you should know the laws and legal statutes encompassing your work. Here, we discuss some of the laws and regulations that an HR manager should know about.

Laws and Regulations every HR Manager should know about-India Specific

  1. The Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal of Sexual Harassment Act, 2013 or POSH Act, 2013, is the leader in protecting women from badgering in the work environment. Various organizations have, as of late, become POSH compliant. To become compliant, there should be a redressal organization that centres exclusively and bargains collectively in instances of sexual harassment in the work environment. Following the #After The OfficeMeToo wave in India, organizations were cautious and proactive towards the issue.

  2. One of the most established work laws of the free Indian republic, the Factories Act, 1948, was intended to give the fundamental wellbeing and security of working states of Indian businesses. Since the economy generally contained industrial facility administrators for different areas, the safety worries of labourers in these production lines were addressed. The demonstration laws down rules for cleanliness, removal of waste and effluents, Ventilation and temperature, residue and smoke, and so forth. The Act further precludes child labour, work abuse, and basic and minimum wages.

  3. The Maternity Benefit Act of 1961 ensures the employment of ladies during the hour of their maternity. It entitles her to take care of your child with a 'maternity benefit' – a full paid nonattendance from work. The law was revised in 2017 to expand the leave span from 12 weeks to 26 weeks, incorporate creche facilities in or around the working environment, among different changes.

  4. The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 sets compensation as per the various areas of the economy that it covers. The Act sees most of the labour market to be unregulated, and hence, the beneficiaries are incredibly restricted. State legislatures follow their minimum wage schedule by law set by the nature of work and area.

  5. The Industrial Dispute Act, 1947- Act number 14 of 1947, enacted by the then Central Legislative Assembly, was the absolute first bill passed for work laws in the Indian Constitution. It was presented for resolving disputes and compromise in the organized sector of Indian business sectors. The Act reaches out to the entirety of India and manages Indian labour law to the extent worker's guilds, and individual representatives of the Indian Mainland are concerned. The expressed goal of the law is the "maintenance of peaceful work culture in the industry in India."

  6. The Payment of Wages Act,1936- The Act necessitates that employees' payment of wages be made opportune and without unapproved deductions. Section 6 of the Act specifies that wages are to be paid only in cash and not kind.

  7. The primary target of the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provident Act, 1952, was a payout for workers after their retirement and their wards after the demise of the employee. The Employees' Provident Fund Organization (condensed to EPFO) is the association entrusted to help the Central Board of Trustees, Employees' Provident Fund – a legal body formed by the EPF and MP Act.

  8. The Indian worker's remuneration law 1923 was presented on 5 March 1923. It incorporates the Employer's liability remuneration, amount of compensation. Workmen Compensation Insurance covers employees under Workmen Compensation Act, Fatal Accident Act and common law.

  9. The Payment of Bonus Act applies to each manufacturing plant and establishment which employs at least 20 people on any day during the bookkeeping year. The Act accommodates payment of bonuses to people employed in specific establishments based on profits or production or productivity and for issues associated.


Aside from all of the previously mentioned laws, there is a list of rules that an organization needs to follow, which are the sole liability of the HR supervisors. Significantly, an HR manager is very much aware and makes huge commitments through different policies. Therefore, when consolidated, Lawful mindfulness and HR can deliver an incredibly inclusive workspace that improves an organization's productivity.

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